The relevance of the study of violence in dating relationships is mainly concerned with three aspects: the magnitude and immediate impact on victims, their fragility and vulnerability, and the fact that dating violence can potentiate more serious aggression (such as physical and sexual violence) .This evidence underscores the need to study the progression from dating violence to marital violence, through developing longitudinal studies that seek to compare evolutionary patterns of violence.No significant gender-based difference was found for verbal aggression scores; however, females were significantly more likely to report using physical force than were male students.
This study examines the attitudes about intimate violence and compares the prevalence of abuse reported by married and dating participants, by type of abuse and sex of respondent.
A sample of 3,716 participants, aged 15 to 67 years, filled in one attitudinal questionnaire and a self-report instrument on abuse perpetration and victimization.
Gender differences are one of the most debated topics when analyzing the literature on marital or dating aggression.
Traditionally, males are more often regarded in the marital violence literature as the aggressors (e.g., [10, 19]).
This study used a modified version of the Conflict Tactic Scale (Straus, 1990) to measure the expression of verbal and physical aggression among 572 college students (395 females and 177 males) involved in dating relationships over the previous year.
Results indicated that 82% ( = 116) admitted to acting in a physically aggressive manner over the same interval.For male students, having witnessed conjugal violence and their general drinking patterns were also significantly related to their using physical force, whereas for females, the use of physical force was associated with drinking alcohol within 3 hours of an argument with a dating partner.Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, University of Fernando Pessoa, Praça 9 de Abril, 349, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal Received 17 April 2014; Revised 13 July 2014; Accepted 29 July 2014; Published 28 August 2014Academic Editor: Julianne C. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.Similarly, a recent literature review in the European context reported high rates of victimization over lifetimes, varying from 16% to 39% .As for the United States of America, researchers  found rates of lifetime prevalence ranging from 17.4% to 25.5%.Attitudinal data revealed a general disapproval of violence use, with greater violence support among males and married participants.