Erected as a monument to the Roman emperor Diocletian after he suppressed an Alexandrinian revolt, Pompey’s Pillar was erroneously believed to have been commissioned by the Roman leader Pompey.
However, an inscription on the base clearly states it was made to honor Diocletian and given to him by the people of Alexandria.
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Here are ten hopefully lesser-known examples of amazing ancient construction.
Located in Northwestern New Mexico, Pueblo Bonito is the largest and most well-known example of a great house (village) built by the ancestral Pueblo people.
A myth involving Pompey’s death and his head being placed in a funerary jar on top of the pillar may have led to the confusion, another thing you can blame on those pesky Crusaders.
Standing over 27 meters (89 ft) high, it was originally built during the fourth century AD.
Found in the southern half of Turkey, Catalhoyuk is estimated to have existed from around 7500 to 5700 BC.
It was built by an unknown Neolithic culture that is believed to have been highly advanced.
The houses of Catalhoyuk have an intriguing quirk: They have no doors and were entered from the roof, by ladder.
Also, the dead seemed to be buried underneath the floors of the houses, particularly by the hearths.
Originally constructed around 4500 BC, the biggest stone at Locmariaquer was nearly 21 meters (70 ft) in length and between 200 and 280 tons in weight.